Legislative Development

Goals:

  • Legislative development and recognition of laws and institutions
  • To re-establish the Legislative Commission to prioritize legislative development as well as to engage community Members in guiding legislative development. 
  • Implementation of our language within the workplace and within the community.

Legislative Development Objectives:

The Akwesasne Law Enactment Regulation was ratified with Mohawk Council Resolution 2015/2016-#261A.  The purpose of this Regulation is:

  • To ensure an open, transparent and accountable law making procedures for Akwesasronon.
  • To engage Akwesasronon in the Mohawk Council of Akwesasne’s lawmaking procedure.
  • To ensure that Akwesasne Laws reflect the values, customs, and aspirations of Akwesasronon.
  • To ensure that Akwesasne Laws are in keeping with principles of natural justice.
  • To establish a standardized procedural regulation for the development, enactment, amendment and repeal of Akwesasne Laws. 

The Akwesasne Law Enactment Procedure involves the following five (5) phases of development:

Phase I – Development of Proposed Law: This phase can be initiated by the Mohawk Council of Akwesasne or by a petition from Akwesasronon. A Working Task Group is then established and provided a mandate to develop legislation on the identified subject.  

Phase II – Acceptance of Proposed Akwesasne Law In Principle: After a draft law has been developed in Phase I, the proposed legislation is brought to a Council Meeting for acceptance in principle. 

Phase III – Community Consultation: The draft law that was accepted in principle in Phase II is sent to the community for review and comments. A minimum of three (3) Information Meetings to discuss the proposed legislation will be schedule, one in each District of Kawehno:ke, Kana:takon and Tsi Snaihne. 

Phase IV – Enactment of an Akwesasne Law: The final draft law is brought to the community for enactment by either a secret ballot vote at a Special General Meeting, or by a referendum vote. 

Phase V – Procedures after the Enactment Phase of an Akwesasne Law:

  • The enacted law is registered with the Kaiahnehronsehra iehiontakwa: Place Where Laws Are Registered – Akwesasne Law Registry. 
  • If a law is rejected, a notice is posted to the community informing them of the rejection and no further development of another Akwesasne Law dealing with the same subject matter will be worked on for at least 120-days.

Current Legislative Development Initiatives by Priority:

  • ‘Akwesasne Traffic Law’ – amendment to Regulation of Traffic By-law No. 10(A): This proposed law is currently in Phase III of the Law Enactment Process.
  • Akwesasne Legislative Enactment Law: This proposed law is currently in Phase I of the Law Enactment Process.
  • Akwesasne Wildlife Conservation Law Amendments: This proposed law is currently in Phase I of the Law Enactment Process. 
  • Akwesasne Water Law: This proposed law is currently in Phase I of the Law Enactment Process.
  • Akwesasne Education Law: This proposed law is currently in Phase I of the Law Enactment Process.
  • Akwesasne Financial Administration Law: This proposed law is currently in Phase I of the Law Enactment Process.